My impressions of America are as varied as its people and its land, a major factor in one’s culture. As an ecologist, I was fascinated with this aspect while I traveled across the United States through several very different environments, including the wet coastal forests of Washington, white pine forests and taiga of Idaho and the prairie deserts and chaparrals of Montana, Wyoming and South Dakota then the farming country and prairie grasslands of Nebraska, Missouri, Indiana and Kansas on through to the temperate broadleaf deciduous forests of Kentucky. My fascination with road trips comes with my love of travelling (you can see all the places I’ve traveled to on my Facebook profile. Those of you who know me personally and/or have kept up with my blog posts, know that I recently went to Paris to research my current historical fantasy. Of course, I flew there.
Road trips, however, are a destination themselves. Each mode of travel has its particular magic and its own “crystal ball” or window for the curious traveler. I walked in Paris. Years before, I walked much of southern England, which was a great way to experience the details of its fractal terrain, foot by foot (pardon the pun; couldn’t help it), through all one’s senses.
Travelling by car offered me yet another perspective, that of “relationship” in a vast land of contrast and differences.
By driving across several states in a fairly quick time—I count twelve states so far in a little over a week—I gave myself the opportunity to make a sweeping overview of each state and its people to compare in rapid succession.
I didn’t have the luxury of forming more than a first impression of each state because before I knew it, I’d entered another one. What I can tell you is that each state was beautiful, each in its own way.
Of course, I chose as my trusty and discreet companion, my old friend Toulouse, who had accompanied me to Paris a few months ago. We started our trip crossing the border into Washington State and drove south to Seattle, before striking east toward Spokane. Washington, Northern Idaho and north-west Montana reminded me of my home province, British Columbia, a land of hills and conifer forests. I found the drive very easy on the eye and the freeways clean and well-maintained. It got progressively hotter as I moved east and then south through the central states. Several of my friends in Kentucky and Ohio were surprised to find that I drove through the central states with only “Armstrong” air conditioning in the car (e.g., opening windows to catch the breeze!).
A highlight for me was descending into the Great Plains of south-east Montana and into Wyoming, where the Great Plains meet the Rocky Mountains. I had struck south on the Interstate 90 E where it met the Interstate 94 and proceeded to descend into a vast rolling sea of russet, yellow and green. The undulating expanse to the horizon in every direction caught my breath and I just had to stop the car for a while to take it all in. I felt both exalted and humbled; all I could think of was, this is truly God’s country. Buffaloes used to roam in the thousands here before we destroyed them all. The state of Wyoming adopted its name from the Delaware Indian word meaning "mountains and valleys alternating", which aptly depicts the landscape of Wyoming.
Another highlight was traveling through the Black Hills of South Dakota, near Keystone, and seeing Mount Rushmore for the first time. This monumental granite sculpture by Gutzon Borglum involved the use of dynamite, followed by the process of "honeycombing". About two million tons of rock were blasted off the mountainside to create the impressive sculpture of the four presidential faces: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln.
One of my overnight stays was Sheridan, Wyoming, after a very windy day of driving south from Montana. Once in the motel, the news warned of tornadoes. I had, after all, entered the infamous “Tornado Alley”, the plains between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachians, where tornadoes lurked and I could expect an event during the majority of my continued drive to the east into Kentucky and Ohio. The following day, as storm clouds chased me on my drive, I couldn’t help periodically glancing over my shoulder and envisioning that terrifying image of a dark funnel descending from the boil of black cloud billowing behind me (I’d unknowingly experienced a night-time tornado in Louisville, Kentucky the previous winter). Thankfully, no state policeman caught me speeding faster than usual along the Wyoming interstate that day. As I drove, however, I realized that a part of me yearned to see a tornado and experience the thrill of its mercurial “personality”. Weather.com says it this way: “one of the most alarming aspects of [tornadoes] is their randomness, almost as if they had vindictive personalities.” Stu Ostro, The Weather Channel senior meteorologist adds, "Tornadoes [will] appear suddenly and take out one house here, but leave its neighbors and the houses across the street untouched." My friend in Kentucky would testify to that; when she was standing on the school grounds as a child, she witnessed just such an occurrence—a capricious tornado dropped down from the sky and “took out” a house across the street then disappeared, leaving the rest of the street untouched.
Weather.com posts a "True or False" Twister IQ. I’ve included it for you to test yourself. I’ve posted the answers at the bottom of my post. Did you get seven out of seven? Find out below...
1. Tornadoes are always visible from a great distance.
2. Tornadoes cause houses to explode from changes in air pressure.
3. By opening the windows, you can balance the pressure inside and outside your home so a tornado will not do damage.
4. The best place to be during a tornado is generally in the southwest corner of the basement.
5. Tornadoes cannot cross water.
6. A tornado is always accompanied or preceded by a funnel cloud.
7. Downward-bulging clouds mean tornadoes are on the way.
Here are some of my personal experiences and impressions (in no particular order), that you won’t find in a tourist book:
- When I stopped in Gillette, Wyoming, to fix my computer, which was refusing to accept wireless internet, to my great fortune, I was directed to a very cute and helpful IT specialist at Gillette College and after almost an hour of his painstaking work, my computer was humming with the sounds of the web.
- I got lost looking for a gas station in the plains of Montana by foolishly veering off the interstate onto a gravel road (shades of “Rat Race”)… A man in a pick-up not only gave me directions on how to find a gas station, but drove ahead to show me.
- After mistakenly cutting me off in the pass-lane, a trucker in Montana profusely apologized (I’ll let you imagine how) then we proceeded to playfully shadow each other for the next fifty miles.
- And what’s with you Nebraskan drivers? You remind me of my Montreal days, weaving in and out of traffic as fast as you can. One Nebraskan driver, in an attempt to get ahead, practically barreled into the road blocks on one of the many parts of the interstate where roadwork was occurring.
- Drivers on the freeways of Louisville, Kentucky, remind me of drivers in my home province of British Columbia, merging without looking. Scary! But ya gotta love their sweet tea! And they do beat Paris drivers (who seem to prefer the sidewalk at times!).
Answers to the Twister IQ:
1. False. They can be hidden in heavy rainfall.
2. False. Homes are damaged by strong winds, not air pressure changes.
3. False. The force of a tornado can rip through a structure, whether the windows are open or not. One should not open the windows when a tornado threatens -- this could actually make the situation worse.
4. False. This used to be a safety rule based on the idea that debris would usually not be deposited there, but this has now been rethought. The current best advice is to move to a protected interior room on the lowest floor of the building, as far as possible from exterior walls and windows.
5. False. A waterspout is a type of tornado that forms on water, and tornadoes that form on land can cross bodies of water such as rivers and lakes. Tornadoes, especially the more violent ones, can also travel up and down hillsides. Therefore, a belief that your location is protected by a river or ridge could prove to be a dangerously invalid one.
6. False. Especially in the early stages, a tornado can cause damage on the ground even though a visible funnel cloud is not present. Likewise, if you see a funnel cloud but it does not appear to be "touching down," a tornadic circulation nonetheless may be in contact with the ground.
7. Not necessarily! This may be the case, especially with those that show evidence of a rotating motion, but many of these clouds are not associated with tornadoes and may be completely harmless.
So, how did you do?...